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上海后花园

Qingdao debuts high-speed maglev train prototype

hina rolled off the production line a prototype magnetic-levitation train with a designed maxim

um speed of 600 kilometers per hour in Qingdao on Thursday, filling the gap in travel speed bet

ween aviation and high-speed rail passenger transport in the country, according to its manufacturer.

Launched in July 2016, the train is designed and manufactured in CRRC Qingdao Sifan

g Co Ltd in the eastern coastal city of Qingdao, Shandong province. The company is a wholly owned su

bsidiary of Beijing-headquartered China Railway Rolling Stock Corp, the largest rolling stock manufacturer in the world.

The debut of the country’s first high-speed maglev train testing protot

ype marks a major breakthrough for the nation in the high-speed maglev transit system.

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Commenting on the suggestion of quickly shifting sou

rcing to countries other than China under the tariff specter, the FDRA said there had been com

panies moving away, but “footwear is a very capital-intensive industry, with years of planning required to m

ake sourcing decisions, and companies cannot simply move factories to adjust to these changes”.

Douglas H. Paal, vice-president of the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowme

nt for International Peace, said the footwear industry’s complaints are justifiable, albeit a little late.

“Since their issues do not involve critical technologies, the

re might be room for the administration to offer a degree of relief,” Paal told China Daily.

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Panda researchers hope algorithms and AI technology will

The app and database will help us gather more precise and well-rounded data on the population, distri

bution, ages, gender ratio, birth and deaths of wild pandas, who live in deep mountains and are hard to tr

ack,” said Chen Peng, a researcher with the base who co-authored a paper on “Giant Panda Face Recognition Using Small Database.”

“It will definitely help us improve efficiency and effectiveness in conservation and management of the animals,” Chen said.

China has carried out four scientific field research project of giant pandas in the wild.

The giant panda was scientifically discovered 150 years ago and n

amed in the city of Ya’an, Sichuan. It remains one of the world’s most endangered species.

The number of captive pandas was 548 globally as of November last y

ear. Fewer than 2,000 pandas live in the wild, mostly in the provinces of Sichuan and Shaanxi.

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Liu’s article was published in Qiushi Journal, a flagship m

magazine of the Communist Party of China Central Committee. He said more efforts a

re needed to implement the proactive fiscal policy and boost efficiency this year.

Preventing and defusing local governments’ hidden debt risks is key to controlling major risks, he said.

Innovative financial tools will be introduced for debt swaps, and the indebted comp

anies will be allowed to choose the same way, under guidance from the local governments, Liu Shangxi, hea

d of the Chinese Academy of Fiscal Sciences, the Ministry of Finance’s think tank, told China Daily.

“The total amount of hidden debt waiting to be swapped has not yet been calculated, as this

round of debt swaps will not involve the government’s administrative orders, but depends on the ma

rket’s appetite based on the evaluation of the potential default risks and the companies’ solvency,” he said.

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The National Health Commission issued draft regulatio

ns in February for the clinical application of new biomedical technologies, stipulating that clini

cal research that involves human trials, including gene editing, stem cells, organ transplants be

tween species and assisted reproductive technologies, must secure the approval of the commission in advance.

Under the draft, which is yet to be adopted, violators may face punishments including fines, revocation of business permits or criminal charges.

The commission this year will complete its revision of an existing r

egulation on ethical inspection of human-related biomedical research that was adopted in 2016.

Authorities are also considering establishing a national ethics co

mmittee that supervises life science technologies and researchers to ensure compliance wi

th ethical standards, Huang Jiefu, former vice-minister of health, told China Daily in an earlier interview.

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The danger here lies in the fact that excessively low

growth targets, based on excessively low estimates of potential growth, lead to lower actual growth. Fo

r an economy the size of China’s, a difference of even 1 percentage point has a huge impact on welfare.

Many economists would counter that a conservative growth target is useful-or even necessary-to create space for struct

ural adjustment. But this claim is unconvincing. Reducing China’s excessive reliance on investment in real es

tate-one of the economy’s most serious structural problems-does not necessarily require a reduction in FAI gro

wth, let alone GDP growth. Nor is slower GDP growth a prerequisite for improving financial stability.

China must pursue as high a growth rate as possible

In my view, because no one is sure what exactly China’s potential growth rate is, the best strategy is to try to achieve as high a g

rowth rate as possible, so long as it doesn’t worsen inflation and hinder structural adjustment.

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the World Trade Organization in 2001. That paved the

way to more than a decade of export-led double-digit economic grow

th, and the ongoing shift from export-led quantitative economic growth to inno

vation-led qualitative development, which has accelerated under President Xi Jinping’s leadership.

China’s industrialization peaked between the late 1990s and 2008, when the

global financial crisis broke out. Now China’s rate of growth is decelerating, which has been

the norm for all industrialized countries from Great Britain in the 19th century to the US in the 20th century.

In China, deceleration is a sign that rebalancing toward consumption and innovation by 2030 is on track.

Nevertheless, the living standard in China continues to improve st

eadily. Today, it is about a third relative to the US. In other words, it has multiplied six tim

es relative to US living standard, thus supporting the rise of the world’s largest emerging middle-income group.

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Chan also said that trade secrets at times were diffic

cult to legally protect in the past, causing “huge trouble for American tech

nology companies in protecting core and critical technologies” that they could not patent.

The latest amendments to the Anti-Unfair Competition Law, which unde

rwent a substantial revision in 2017, have emphasized protecting trade secrets.

He said in that in January, China’s Supreme People’s Cour

t set up an IPR court to handle complex appeals on patent litigation.

Chan said “all these measures” have led to progress for 59 percent of t

he US companies operating in China in protecting trademarks and brands in the pa

st five years, according to the American Chamber of Commerce in China.

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Sourabh Gupta, resident senior fellow at the Washingto

ton-based Institute for China-American Studies, specifically praised the new Foreign Investm

ent Law-passed in March by China’s national legislature and effective in 2020-which he said is “a far

sighted piece of legislation” that “will firmly usher in a new round of reform and opening-up”.

“Strong measures to deal with political, regulatory and administrative noncompliance are envisaged. A robust wor

king mechanism to promptly address foreign businesses’ complaints is also envisaged,” said Gupta, who believes the p

rovisions are a big step in assuring foreign businesses that the playing field is leveled in China.

“It is the predictability, transparency and nondiscrimination bent of the law which, in my view, will lead to a significant inw

ard flow of foreign capital in key services and advanced manufacturing sectors,” he said.

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However, the consumption structure has changed, with

service consumption accounting for 47.7 percent, up 1.4 percentage points year-on-year

. Meanwhile, sluggish auto consumption dragged the whole consumption growth.

The continuous decline of auto consumption has become

a key for stabilizing this year’s consumption, said Liu Xiaoguang, a resear

cher at the National Academy of Development and Strategy at Renmin University of China.

Mao Shengyong, spokesperson for the National Bureau of Statistics, recently said t

hat based on March data, auto production fell, however, the drop was narrowing.

The National Development and Reform Commission was reportedly considering a sl

ew of new measure to boost spending on automobiles, home appliances and consum

er electronics products. It has sent a draft plan to encourage consumption in the three sectors.

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